In this article, we will explore the differences between forced air heating and heat pump furnaces. We will also discuss which types of homes are best suited for each type of system.
Heat Pump Furnace Systems
Heat pump furnace systems use ducts to circulate warm air around your home while heat pump systems pull in outside air, then heat it with an electric heater before pushing it into the house. The heating capacity of both types is measured in British Thermal Units (BTUs) per hour and can be found by looking on the side panel of any model. The heating capacity of a furnace is usually around 1,000 BTUs per hour, but smart thermostats can reduce that number by 50 percent.
As their names indicate, forced air heating systems pull warm air from inside the house into the furnace while heat pump systems circulate cold or cool air from an outside source. Forced air furnaces have better heat distribution than heat pump systems because they draw in wind-cooled air from all directions and distribute it throughout the entire house. Heat pumps pull in cold outside air, make it very cold then push it into the house where it warms up again before returning to the outside and giving off hot water in the process. Heat pump systems don’t have as good heat distribution as forced air furnaces.
Heat pump furnaces are a better option for homeowners in cold climates than those who live in hot or temperate regions because they don’t require a coolant to perform as well. Heat pump systems work better the colder your house is at the time you turn it on. Therefore, if it’s very warm outside or your home is warm, the system will not work as well and you’ll need to turn the thermostat up higher to get the desired temperature inside your home. With forced air heating systems, you can set them higher and they will still provide adequate heat throughout your home.
Advantages of Heat Pump Furnaces
In addition to better heat distribution, forced air furnaces are more energy efficient than heat pump systems. Because the heat is pulled in from outside, the amount of energy used to move it around is significantly less than a system that pulls in warm air from inside your home. This means that you’ll save 10-20 percent on energy costs with a forced air furnace while you’ll only save 1-2 percent with a heat pump system.
Additionally, forced air furnaces are less expensive than heat pump systems because they cost less to purchase and install. They also last longer and have fewer down-time problems than their counterparts.
Disadvantages of Heat Pump Furnaces
The main disadvantage of heat pump systems is that they don’t work well in very cold locations. As mentioned above, because the thermostat and other operating controls are located outside the home, heating your home will be more difficult in places like Arizona or Canada.
In addition to their slower heat distribution capabilities, heat pump systems are more expensive to operate than forced air furnaces. They also do not have a fixed-speed motor so you’ll need to calculate how much heat you need each hour and adjust the setting accordingly. This can be extremely inconvenient if the temperature changes frequently during the day – especially when you’re not home.
Forced Air Heating Systems
Forced air heating systems are a popular choice when installing a new furnace and can be either gas or electric. They are more energy efficient than heat pump systems and have the same advantages as traditional furnaces; they are able to heat larger homes with less energy, last longer, and provide more consistent temperatures.
What is an Enclosed Furnace?
An enclosed furnace is one that has a separate blower, fan and evaporator that is securely placed inside your home rather than outside. This type of furnace will keep your home’s thermal insulation intact while also maintaining high levels of humidity which helps to reduce the costs of heating.
Advantages of Forced Air Heating Systems
Forced air heating systems have plenty of advantages including:
They are able to operate more efficiently and quickly than the forced air heating systems. This is because less energy is required to heat the coolant in the furnace. With a heat pump system, you need to cool and then reheat the air, which can take time. A forced air heating system only needs to reheat it.
Forced air heating systems are also more controlled than heat pump systems. The fan of a forced air heating system regulates how much coolant is flowing through the furnace while a heat pump system relies on outside weather conditions to control this process.
Disadvantages of Forced Air Heating Systems
There are a few disadvantages of forced air heating systems. They are not as energy efficient as a heat pump and also suffer from occasional dust build-up in the forced air ducts that transfer the conditioned air.
Forced air heating systems are also not as good in cold or cool climates like heat pump systems. If it’s a warm sunny day and it may take longer to achieve the desired temperature inside your home.